Other Units that Served Alongside the 52nd NY


                                             

            The 52nd NY served in the 1st Division of the 2nd Corps from the time it was formed to the time it was disbanded.  The 2nd Corps was created on March 13, 1862 by General Orders No. 101.  Major General Edwin V. Sumner became its first commander, while Brigadier General Israel B. Richardson was given command of the 1st Division.  The 2nd Corps was disbanded on June 28, 1865, after compiling an impressive combat record during the war.  Within its ranks served some of the best units and commanders in the Army of the Potomac.  The 52nd NY served under such commanders as Winfield Hancock, Nelson Miles, Israel Richardson, Edwin Sumner, Samuel Zook, Francis Barlow, Clinton MacDougall, and William French.

            On March 21, 1863, the corps in the Army of the Potomac were assigned distinctive insignias.  This was a way to discourage straggling and cowardice by making it easier to tell what unit soldiers belonged to.  This also helped raise the morale of the army.  The 2nd Corps was assigned the trefoil, which resembled the club in a deck of cards.  Each division had a color: red for the 1st Division, white for the 2nd, and blue for the 3rd.  The red trefoil that the 52nd wore, like the rest of the 1st Division, was both a source of pride for the men who wore it and a sign of their status as some of the best soldiers in the Army of the Potomac.

Third Brigade

            The 3rd Brigade of the 1st Division, 2nd Corps was formed on the same days as the rest of the 2nd Corps, with Brigadier General William French as its first commander.  The 52nd NY and one other regiment were the only two regiments that served in the brigade until they were mustered out or until the brigade was disbanded.  Though these other units only spent part of their service in the brigade, they all remained in the 1st Division for the rest of their service.  The 111th, 125th and 126th NY regiments, recruited in Troy, NY or Central New York State, had been forced to surrender at Harpers Ferry in September 1862.  Despite the stigma attached to them, they proved themselves hard fighting regiments at Gettysburg and the battles of 1864 and 1865.

New York Regiments:
7th New York Veterans- Served in the Brigade from March 1864 to June 1864, and from November 1864 to June 1865.
39th New York - Served in the Brigade from March 1864 to June 1864, and from November 1864 to June 1865.
52nd New York - Served in the Brigade from March 1862 to June 1864, and from November 1864 to June 1865.
57th New York - Served in the Brigade from March 1862 to June 1864.
64th New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1862 to August 1862.
66th New York - Served in the Brigade from March 1862 to March 1864.
111th New York - Served in the Brigade from March 1864 to June 1864, and from November 1864 to June 1865.
125th New York - Served in the Brigade from March 1864 to June 1864, and from November 1864 to June 1865.
126th New York - Served in the Brigade from March 1864 to June 1864, and from November 1864 to June 1865.

Pennsylvania Regiments:
53rd Pennsylvania - Served in the Brigade from March 1862 to April 1863.
140th Pennsylvania - Served in the Brigade from December 1862 to September 1863.
148th Pennsylvania - Served in the Brigade from September 1863 to March 1864.

Delaware Regiments:
2nd Delaware - Served in the Brigade from June 1862 to April 1863.

Connecticut Regiments:
27th Connecticut - Served in the Brigade from November 1862 to April 1863.

Consolidated Brigade

            The 1st Division suffered heavy losses in the 1864 Spring Campaign.  After the opening battles at Petersburg, the 3rd and 2nd (Irish) Brigades were merged to form the Consolidated Brigade.  Like the 3rd Brigade, the Consolidated Brigade remained an all New York brigade, with the 116th Pennsylvania and 28th Massachusetts from the 2nd Brigade transferred to other brigades.  In November, the Consolidated Brigade was split back into the 2nd and 3rd Brigades, and the regiments went back to their prior commands.

7th New York Veterans- Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.
39th New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.
52nd New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.
57th New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 until its muster out in October 1864.
63rd New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.
69th New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.
88th New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.
111th New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.
125th New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.
126th New York - Served in the Brigade from June 1864 to November 1864.

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